I just found myself googling ‘ “Stravinsky” “stick a deckchair up your nose” ‘. Let me explain, lest you think this is a sign of further mental degeneration: I recently read a wonderful book on the master conductor Pierre Monteux, who, amongst other notable achievements, conducted the premiere performances of Petrouchka and the Rite of Spring. Stravinsky made two versions of Petrouchka, the original with a huge orchestra from 1911 and a second with a slightly smaller orchestra in 1947. Monteux hated the later version, stating ‘it seems to me anaemic to me in comparison with my Petrouchka‘.
Stravinsky, ever the pragmatist, was not above making new versions of old works to extend copyright. He even told the Swiss conductor Ernest Ansermet that, as Russia had no copyright law at the time, “he was to take out French naturalization in order to protect his copyright as an inducement for potential publishers”. So whereas usually when choosing a version of a work to perform the logical thing is to take the composers final intentions as preferable, with Stravinsky the case is more complicated.
An bored organ grinder, a gormless triangle player and a melodramatic ballerina from an early production of Petrouchka
I’ve only ever conducted the later version, so I wanted to hear again the original and was reminded that the organ-grinder’s tune at the Shrovetide Fair was pinched for Spitting Image’s seminal 1986 opus The Chicken Song. I thought that this record was the funniest thing ever when I was ten and have a recollection of playing it incessantly for a summer to the obvious delight of my mum and dad. I won’t put a link in here, but you can find it on YouTube. I warn you though, that way madness lies…
Anyway, I’d always thought that this was common knowledge so imagine my amazement when I googled ’ “Stravinsky” “stick a deckchair up your nose” ‘ and found that there was nothing on the subject. Nothing. Nothing from the Musical Quaterly, nothing in the various biographies of Stravisnky and nothing, most importantly, on the Wikipedia entry for The Chicken Song.
Now the thing is that the original pincher of the tune was Stravinsky himself. He’d heard it played on a barrel organ outside his window and already incorporated it into his work when he discovered it was itself a copyrighted tune La Jambe En Bois by Émile Spencer. For those with Spotify, there’s a rather jolly version here: Paul Lack – La Jambe En Bois. It seems to have been something of a turn of the century Chicken Song in itself, dealing with the important issue of Sarah Bernhardt’s wooden leg:
‘Elle avait une jambe en bois
Et pour que ça n’se voit pas
Elle faisait mettre par en d’ssous
Des rondelles en caoutchouc’
‘She had a wooden leg
and so it should not be seen
she had it fitted from underneath
with rubber washers’
Cracking stuff, I’m sure you’ll agree.
So there you have it – next time you are asked in a pub quiz what links Spitting Image, chickens, wooden legs, Sarah Berhardt and Stravisnky you’ll know. If they ask something about football then this has been no help at all.
3. Spotify Link starting at about 2’28″